%0 Journal Article
%A Biswas, Dipayan
%A Sooryakiran, P.
%A Chakravarthy, V. Srinivasa
%T A Complex-valued Oscillatory Neural Network for Storage and Retrieval of Multichannel Electroencephalogram Signals
%D 2020
%R 10.1101/2020.03.28.013292
%J bioRxiv
%P 2020.03.28.013292
%X Recurrent neural networks with associative memory properties are typically based on fixed-point dynamics, which is fundamentally distinct from the oscillatory dynamics of the brain. There have been proposals for oscillatory associative memories, but here too, in the majority of cases, only binary patterns are stored as oscillatory states in the network. Oscillatory neural network models typically operate at a single/common frequency. At multiple frequencies, even a pair of oscillators with real coupling exhibits rich dynamics of Arnold tongues, not easily harnessed to achieve reliable memory storage and retrieval. Since real brain dynamics comprises of a wide range of spectral components, there is a need for oscillatory neural network models that operate at multiple frequencies. We propose an oscillatory neural network that can model multiple time series simultaneously by performing a Fourier-like decomposition of the signals. We show that these enhanced properties of a network of Hopf oscillators become possible by operating in the complex-variable domain. In this model, the single neural oscillator is modeled as a Hopf oscillator, with adaptive frequency and dynamics described over the complex domain. We propose a novel form of coupling, dubbed “power coupling,” between complex Hopf oscillators. With power coupling, expressed naturally only in the complex-variable domain, it is possible to achieve stable (normalized) phase relationships in a network of multifrequency oscillators. Network connections are trained either by Hebb-like learning or by delta rule, adapted to the complex domain. The network is capable of modeling N-channel Electroencephalogram time series with high accuracy and shows the potential as an effective model of large-scale brain dynamics.
%U https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2020/03/30/2020.03.28.013292.full.pdf