TY - JOUR
T1 - Excess False Positive Rates in Methods for Differential Gene Expression Analysis using RNA-Seq Data
JF - bioRxiv
DO - 10.1101/020784
SP - 020784
AU - Rocke, David M.
AU - Ruan, Luyao
AU - Zhang, Yilun
AU - Gossett, J. Jared
AU - Durbin-Johnson, Blythe
AU - Aviran, Sharon
Y1 - 2015/01/01
UR - http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2015/06/11/020784.abstract
N2 - Motivation An important property of a valid method for testing for differential expression is that the false positive rate should at least roughly correspond to the p-value cutoff, so that if 10,000 genes are tested at a p-value cutoff of 10−4, and if all the null hypotheses are true, then there should be only about 1 gene declared to be significantly differentially expressed. We tested this by resampling from existing RNA-Seq data sets and also by matched negative binomial simulations.Results Methods we examined, which rely strongly on a negative binomial model, such as edgeR, DESeq, and DESeq2, show large numbers of false positives in both the resampled real-data case and in the simulated negative binomial case. This also occurs with a negative binomial generalized linear model function in R. Methods that use only the variance function, such as limma-voom, do not show excessive false positives, as is also the case with a variance stabilizing transformation followed by linear model analysis with limma. The excess false positives are likely caused by apparently small biases in estimation of negative binomial dispersion and, perhaps surprisingly, occur mostly when the mean and/or the dispersion is high, rather than for low-count genes.Contact dmrocke{at}ucdavis.edu, lruan{at}ucdavis.edu, yilzhang{at}ucdavis.edu, gt4636b{at}gatech.edu, bpdur-bin{at}ucdavis.edu, saviran{at}ucdavis.edu.Supplementary Information The computational tools developed for this study are freely available via our website http://dmrocke.ucdavis.edu/software.html. They can be downloaded as R code or run directly through an interactive web-based shiny application to reproduce the analysis presented here per a user’s choice of dataset and the methods to be evaluated.
ER -