%0 Journal Article
%A Galeano, Diego
%A Paccanaro, Alberto
%T The Geometric Sparse Matrix Completion Model for Predicting Drug Side effects
%D 2019
%R 10.1101/652412
%J bioRxiv
%P 652412
%X Pair-input associations for drug-side effects are obtained through expensive placebo-controlled experiments in human clinical trials. An important challenge in computational pharmacology is to predict missing associations given a few entries in the drug-side effect matrix, as these predictions can be used to direct further clinical trials. Here we introduce the Geometric Sparse Matrix Completion (GSMC) model for predicting drug side effects. Our high-rank matrix completion model learns non-negative sparse matrices of coefficients for drugs and side effects by imposing smoothness priors that exploit a set of pharmacological side information graphs, including information about drug chemical structures, drug interactions, molecular targets, and disease indications. Our learning algorithm is based on the diagonally rescaled gradient descend principle of non-negative matrix factorization. We prove that it converges to a globally optimal solution with a first-order rate of convergence. Experiments on large-scale side effect data from human clinical trials show that our method achieves better prediction performance than six state-of-the-art methods for side effect prediction while offering biological interpretability and favouring explainable predictions.
%U https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2019/05/29/652412.full.pdf