RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 An experimentally-derived measure of inter-replicate variation in reference samples: the same-same permutation methodology
JF bioRxiv
FD Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
SP 797217
DO 10.1101/797217
A1 Handler, David C.
A1 Haynes, Paul A.
YR 2019
UL http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2019/10/08/797217.abstract
AB The multiple testing problem is a well-known statistical stumbling block in high-throughput data analysis, where large scale repetition of statistical methods introduces unwanted noise into the results. While approaches exist to overcome the multiple testing problem, these methods focus on theoretical statistical clarification rather than incorporating experimentally-derived measures to ensure appropriately tailored analysis parameters. Here, we introduce a method for estimating inter-replicate variability in reference samples for a quantitative proteomics experiment using permutation analysis. This can function as a modulator to multiple testing corrections such as the Benjamini-Hochberg ordered Q value test. We refer to this as a ‘same-same’ analysis, since this method incorporates the use of six biological replicates of the reference sample and determines, through non-redundant triplet pairwise comparisons, the level of quantitative noise inherent within the system. The method can be used to produce an experiment-specific Q value cut-off that achieves a specified false discovery rate at the quantitation level, such as 1%. The same-same method is applicable to any experimental set that incorporates six replicates of a reference sample. To facilitate access to this approach, we have developed a same-same analysis R module that is freely available and ready to use via the internet.